Presentation Nov 6 2020 09-48-39


Lucas Anderson


  • ​Different languages use different sets of sounds to speak (Karpiński)
  • Consonants are classified based on voicing, place of articulation, and manner of articulation (Wagner)
  • "Voicing is whether the vocal folds vibrate or not. The sound /s/ is called voiceless because there is no vibration, and the sound /z/ is called voiced because the vocal folds do vibrate" (Wagner)
  • "[Place of articulation] is the location of where sounds are produced" (Giordano)
  • Manner of articulation is how sounds are produced (Giordano)
  • "[Vowels] are classified according to height of the tongue, part of tongue involved, and position of the lips" (Wagner)

International Phonetic Alphabet

  • ​"IPA is a phonetic notation system that uses a set of symbols to represent each distinct sound that exists in human spoken language" ("International Phonetic Alphabet")
  • The International Phonetic Alphabet can be used to describe all languages on Earth ("International Phonetic Alphabet")
  • Examples of IPA transcriptions of English words (in my dialect):
  • apple - /ˈæp.l/
  • thesis - /ˈθi.səs/
  • reaction - /ɹiˈæk.ʃən/
  • change - /t͡ʃe͡ɪnd͡ʒ/
  • writing - /ˈɹa͡ɪd.ɪŋ/
IPA Chart,, available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License. Copyright © 2018 International Phonetic Association.

Thank you!

phonetics manner place articulation sounds voicing vowel consonant international alphabet transcription classification speak

Works Cited

Giordano, Andrea. “Manner of Articulation and Place of Articulation.”, 10 Apr. 2019,
“International Phonetic Alphabet.” International Phonetic Alphabet – IPA Charts, Keyboards and Language Information,
Karpiński, Maciej. “The Sounds of Language.” Languages In Danger The Sounds of Language Comments,
Wagner, Dr. Jennifer. “What Is Phonetics?”,